Currently in Chile 10 indigenous peoples are recognized by the state. Other peoples, such as the Tehuelche and the Onas or Selknam of Tierra del Fuego, were not recognized due to their recent extinction in the 20th century.
They are distributed in the north of Chile, the highlands, ravines, pampas and mountain valleys. To the south, the Coast and the Andes Mountains, the border of the sea of islands and archipelagos. In the Pacific Ocean, Easter Island or Rapa Nui. And a part lives in urban areas, cities and towns in the country.
Aymara Farmers, herders and textile artisans. They live between the valleys and plateaus of the Andean highlands. They are heirs to the cultivation techniques of the Incas, such as terraces and aqueducts. They trust in Pachamama or Mother Earth.
Mapuche “People of the land”. Collectors, farmers and hunted all kinds of forest animals. The current Mapuche represent the most important indigenous people due to demography, social influence and a strong sense of their cultural identity.
Chonos They sailed through the Chacao Channel and the Gulf of Penas, the most dangerous waters in the area. They inhabited the island of Chiloé 5,000 years ago. Nomadic people, dedicated mainly to fishing, sea lion hunting, shellfish gathering. They traveled in canoes made of three boards, known as dalcas.
Yaganes Canoeing town. They sailed, hunted and fished from the Beagle Channel to Cape Horn. They covered their bodies with sea lion fat, and wore only a short fur cloak. They had boats made of tree bark. They ate sea lion meat, otter, whale, mussels, sea urchins, spider crabs and various fish.